Intermediate Period

The History of Egypt for Kids - Intermediate Period

The Civilization, Culture & History of Ancient Egypt and facts about Intermediate Period

Ancient Egyptians - Intermediate Period
A comprehensive guide and fact sheet about Intermediate Period. Discover fascinating facts and information about ancient Egypt and Intermediate Period.

The Egyptian Time Periods

Definition of the Intermediate Periods

Dynasties

Major Events in the First chaotic are

Major Events in the Second Intermediate Period

Overview and map

Facts and information

An overview of the Intermediate Period of ancient Egypt

Ancient Egyptians - Intermediate Period
Click a link for additional information and interesting facts about subjects relating to Intermediate Period or other aspects of daily life, the people and places of ancient Egypt.

All about Ancient Egyptians

Egyptian History & Civilisation

Ancient Egyptian History

Egytian Time Periods

Prehistoric Egytpt 5000 - 3100BCE

Early Dynastic Period: 3100 - 2686 BCE

The Old Kingdom 2686 - 2181 BCE

1st Intermediate Period 2181 - 2134 BCE

The Middle Kingdom 2134 - 1782 BCE

2nd Interm ediate Period 1782 - 1550 BCE

The New Kingdom 1550 - 1069 BCE

3rd Interm ediate Period 1069 - 664 BCE

The Late Period 664 - 332 BCE

Ptolemaic Egypt 332 - 30 BCE

Roman & Byzantine Egypt 30 BCE - 641 CE

Ancient Egyptian Dynasties - Major Time Periods in Ancient Egypt History
The main ancient Egyptian history time periods are:

The Early Dynastic Period

The Old Kingdom

The Middle Kingdom

The New Kingdom

The Late  Period

Ancient Egyptian History - Dynasties
Ancient Egyptian History covered so many years that it is divided into various time periods, as shown above. There were a total of 31 dynasties each consisting of a succession of kings from the same family who succeeded each other on the throne of Egypt by right of inheritance.

Ancient Egyptian Dynasties

Ancient Egytian Dynasties

Early Dynastic Period: 1st - 2nd Dynasties

The Old Kingdome 3rd - 6th Dynasties

1st Intermediate Period 7th - 10th Dynasties

The Middle Kingdom 11th - 12th Dynasties

2nd Intermediate Period 13th - 20th Dynasties

The New Kingdom 18th - 20th Dynasties

Post Empire 21st - 31st Dynasties

The First, Second and Third Intermediate Periods
The Ancient Egyptian dynasties are grouped into periods of stability referred to as 'kingdoms' and periods of division, destruction and chaos referred to as an 'Intermediate Period'. The stable kingdoms were the Old Kingdom, the Middle Kingdom and the New Kingdom. The end of the Old Kingdom was followed by First Intermediate Period, the end of the Middle Kingdom was followed by the Second Intermediate Period and the decline of the New Kingdom was followed by the Third Intermediate Period that ended with the 26th Dynasty and the start of the Late Period. For additional information refer to:

First Intermediate Period

7th Dynasty

8th Dynasty

9th Dynasty

10th Dynasty

Second Intermediate Period

13th Dynasty

14th Dynasty

15th/16/17th Hyksos Dynasties

Third Intermediate Period

21st Dynasty

22nd Dynasty

23rd Dynasty

24th Dynasty

25th Dynasty

Egyptian History and the Intermediate Period - Limited Information
The times in ancient Egyptian history referred to as an Intermediate period brought only minor changes to the civilization of the ancient Egyptians. Due to the chaotic nature of the various administrations of the First, Second and Third Intermediate period in ancient Egypt very little documentation survived. Manuscripts were destroyed as were statues, steles and other monuments. Details of the names of kings and the dates that they reigned were also destroyed. Only a brief outline of the people and events of the First, Second and Third Intermediate period is therefore possible.

Intermediate Period and the Nomarchs
Ancient Egypt was divided into 42 regions called 'nomes' that dated to the Predynastic Period (before 3100 BC). These nomes originally existed as autonomous city-states. At the head of each Nome stood a Nomarch, a governor of the region. When the national government was strong, the Nomarchs acted as the king's appointed governors. However, when the central government was weak the Nomarchs asserted control over their regions. During the Intermediate period these powerful men were therefore in place to challenge the power and the establishment of the monarchy.

The First Intermediate Period
The end of the Old Kingdom saw the start of the First Intermediate Period. The chaotic events started in this period is aptly described as "Seventy rulers in seventy days". The there were conflicts between the Kings of Memphis and the Kings of Herakleopolis but the land of Egypt was eventually reunited by King Mentuhotep II leading to the stability of the Middle Kingdom.

The Second Intermediate Period
The end of the Middle Kingdom saw the start of the Second Intermediate Period, which was first dominated by the rulers based at the cities of It-tawy and Xois. However the main development of this Intermediate period was the invasion and rule of the Hyksos.

The Third Intermediate Period
The end of the New Kingdom saw the start of the Third Intermediate Period, another period of foreign rulers and a chaotic Egyptian government. The foreign rulers started with the Libyans which was challenged by Harsiese who succeeded in gaining independence for Thebes. The came the rule of the City States followed by the conquest of Egypt by the Nubians. Ancient Egypt then entered the time period referred to as the Late Kingdom.

Definition of the First Intermediate Period
Definition: The chaotic time in ancient Egyptian history referred to as the 'First Intermediate Period' occured between the periods of stability known as the Old Kingdom and the Middle Kingdom.

The First Intermediate period was when Egypt was unstable, weak and divided.

The control of the king was weakened and there was a breakdown of central government and hierarchic structure often leading to conflict between Upper and Lower Egypt.

Conflicts between the powerful Nomarchs and the state government was common

The 'First Intermediate Period' covered 7th-10th Dynasties from c2181 - 2134BC

Overview of the First Intermediate Period
The First Intermediate Period was known as the 'Dark Period' because very little monumental evidence survives from this period. It was a time of great upheaval in religious, political and cultural structures. Different factions in Upper and Lower Egypt vied for power. There were two bases of power - Herakleopolis in Lower Egypt and Thebes in Upper Egypt. The location of Herakleopolis and Thebes are shown on the map. King Qakare Ibi is the only Pharaoh that can connected to any monuments. His pyramid has been found at Saqqara and contains pyramid texts on the walls of his tomb. The 8th Dynasty ruled from Memphis and the 9th and 10th Dynasty ruled from Herakleopolis, although the kings were still buried at Memphis. 

Definition of the Second Intermediate Period
Definition: The destructive time in ancient Egyptian history referred to as the 'Second Intermediate Period' occured between the periods of stability known as the Middle Kingdom and the New Kingdom.

The Second Intermediate period was when Egypt was weak and susceptible to foreign invasion

The Hyksos 'foreign rulers' invaded the Nile Delta region of Lower Egypt

The 'Second Intermediate Period' covered 13th-17th Dynasties from c1782 - 1550BC

Overview of the Second Intermediate Period
The Second Intermediate Period saw the rise of hostilities of the Hyksos "Shepherd Kings", which had initially started during the 11th dynasty. The Hyksos easily gained control of the Nile Delta region due to their different type of warfare and military tactics they applied. The Hyksos 'foreign rulers' had horses and chariots - at this point in history the Egyptians did not. The Hyksos introduced the horse and chariot to Egypt.

Definition of the Third Intermediate Period
Definition: The destructive time in ancient Egyptian history referred to as the 'Third Intermediate Period' occured between the periods of stability known as the New Kingdom and the Post Empire Late Period.

The Third Intermediate period was when Egypt was weak and was again susceptible to foreign invasion and conquest

The power of the kings had declined and Egypt was ruled by the priests of Amun-Ra. The country was subject to attacks from the Assyrians and Libyans and the Nubians conquer the South of Egypt.

The 'Third Intermediate Period' covered 21st - 25th Dynasties up to the Late Period

Intermediate Period
Learning about the ancient Egyptians and their history and civilization inspires everyone to visit historical sites and undertake Egypt Travel and Tours to experience the wonders of this magical land at first hand. Many people choose to experience a tour of Egypt on a Nile Cruise stopping at the famous destinations and sites of Egypt such as the Pyramids of Giza and the Great Sphinx. The information and facts about Intermediate Period will provide you with a great insight into Egypt and the legacy of the ancient Egyptians.

Intermediate Period

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