Salitis

The History of Egypt for Kids - King Salitis

The Civilization, Culture & History of Ancient Egypt and facts about Salitis, the brutal leader of the Hyksos foreign rulers

Ancient Egyptians - Pharaoh Salitis
A comprehensive guide and fact sheet about King Salitis. Discover fascinating facts and information about the pharaohs of ancient Egypt.

Interesting facts & information about this ancient Egyptian King

The dynasty and period in history when he was the pharaoh

Major events in his life - the history of Salitis

Fact based biography of the pharaoh

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His consort and family

An overview of Salitis, a famous King of ancient Egypt

Ancient Egyptians - Salitis
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Profile of Pharaoh Salitis
The following profile provides a fast overview of Salitis, the brutal leader of the Hyksos, the nomadic tribes who invaded ancient Egypt after being displaced from their own lands by the Hittites. Salitis brought havoc and destruction to the lands of ancient Egypt. The Hyksos led by Salitis controlled all of the Nile Delta and Northern Egypt.

Profile of Salitis & the Hyksos

History Time Period: 2nd Intermediate Period

Dynasty: 15th Dynasty

Predecessor: Yakubher

Origin of the Hyksos: Nomadic Asian people - the Hyksos, large variety of different multi-ethnic races

Area of Hyksos rule: Nile Delta region

Style of Warfare: The Hyksos introduced the horse and chariot to Ancient Egypt

Homage: Tributes paid from  Upper and Lower Egypt.

King Salitis
Interesting facts, biography & information about the life of Pharaoh Salitis, the ancient Egyptian King. The Pharaoh Salitis fact sheet provides details of the major events and accomplishments in his life, his consort and his family. Information about the dynasty and period in ancient Egyptian history in which King Salitis lived. Refer to Pharaohs for additional interesting facts and information.

Ancient Egyptian King - Salitis Fact Sheet

Fact 1 on Salitis: History: The Hyksos were a variety of tribes who came from Syria, Canaan and the east in Arabia. They had been exiled from their own lands by the powerful Hittites. Their original intention, dating back to the 11th dynasty, was probably to trade but the instability of Egypt allowed them to mount a massive invasion of 250,000 Hyksos.

Fact 2 on Salitis: The Egyptians offered little resistance to the Hyksos and Salitis grabbed the opportunity to seize the Egyptian throne.

Fact 3 on Salitis: Salitis emerged as the greatest and most powerful leader of the Hyksos

Fact 4 on Salitis: Name: The name 'Salitis' is an Arabic translation of the word Sultan, meaning "powerful king". He was also referred to by the names of Sharek or Sharlek.

Fact 5 on Salitis: The Hyksos engaged in a totally alien form of warfare to that used by the ancient Egyptians. The Egyptians used weapons such as maces, axes, bows and arrows, knives and spears. The Hyksos had the horse and chariot. The sight and sounds of hordes of Hyksos on chariots must have been absolutely terrifying to the Egyptians. It is no wonder that they showed little resistance to the "Shepherd Kings".

Fact 6 on Salitis: Salitis savagely forced submission from the Egyptians by sacking great cities, including Memphis. Beautiful temples to the gods were demolished and cities were set on fire.

Fact 7 on Salitis: Salitis showed no mercy to the Egyptians and the Hyksos conducted themselves in a barbarous fashion killing all those that offered resistance and reducing their wives and children to slavery.

Fact 8 on Salitis: Salitis controlled all of the lands in the Nile Delta and Northern Egypt (Lower Egypt).

Fact 9 on Salitis: The far south of Egypt escaped the destructive Hyksos however the rulers in the Elephantine, Thebes and Abydos acknowledged the power of the conquerors of the Nile Delta and, by the payment of an annual tribute, retained their independence from the 'foreign rulers'.

Fact 10 on Salitis: Salitis started to forge alliances with the Kerman Rulers of Kush (Nubia) and trade in ebony, ivory and gold flourished.

Ancient Egyptian King - Salitis Fact Sheet

Pharaoh Salitis
Discover fast, interesting fun facts about Pharaoh Salitis for kids with some amazing, cool and quick information about ancient Egypt and Egyptians. Ideal for children, homework, schools, teachers and kids of all ages! Find fascinating fun facts about Salitis for kids and the history, culture and civilisation of the ancient Egyptians and ancient Egypt. Interesting, fun facts about this king of Egypt for research, schools, students and kids of all ages.

King Salitis
Learn about this ancient Egyptian pharaoh the fast and easy way via the Salitis Fact sheet.

Ancient Egyptian King - Salitis Fact Sheet

Fact 11 on Salitis: During his rule the Hyksos introduced ships that incorporated a keel to Egypt. These ships were far more stabile and seaworthy than the feluccas, the boats used by the Egyptians. The new ships enabled easier access to the islands of the Mediterranean

Fact 12 on Salitis: Trade with the Mediterranean and Nubia increased significantly and boosted the economy and wealth of Egypt.

Fact 13 on Salitis: Another significant improvement was made to the prosperity of Egypt by the introduction of the shaduf which revolutionized the farming techniques used in Egypt that resulted in their ability to raise two crops a year.

Fact 14 on Salitis: Salatis solidified his position as king by strategically placing garrisons in suitable locations, fortifying the eastern borders that he believed were under threat of invasion by the powerful Assyrians.

Fact 15 on Salitis: He made Avaris his capital (see map below), with extensive building and fortifications which helped him enforce his rule.

Fact 16 on Salitis: Salitas founded a dynasty of six Hyksos kings  and was followed in succession by Beon, Apachnas, Apophis, Jannas and Asses. According to Manetho these six "Foreign Rulers" reigned 198 years and 10 months.

Ancient Egyptian King - Salitis Fact Sheet

King Salitis and the 12th Dynasty
The following chart provides the names of the kings and the line of succession in the 12th Dynasty together with a map of ancient Egypt.

List of the Hyksos Kings

Name

Salitis

Sakir-Har

Seuserenre Khyan

Apepi

Khamudi

List of the Kings

Salitis
Learning about the ancient Egyptians and King Salitis inspires everyone to visit historical sites and undertake Egypt Travel and Tours to experience the wonders of this magical land at first hand. Many people choose to experience a tour of Egypt on a Nile Cruise stopping at the famous destinations and sites of Egypt such as the Pyramids of Giza and the Great Sphinx. The information and facts about Pharaoh Salitis will provide you with a great insight into Egypt and the legacy of the ancient Egyptians.

Salitis

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