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Map of Upper Egypt
Map showing the ancient cities of Upper Egypt
Map of Upper Egypt
The Nile Delta region of the Lower kingdom, in the north, emptied into the Mediterranean Sea
The Nile Valley region of the Upper kingdom had higher altitudes and terminated at the First Cataract where the lands of Kush, or Nubia, began. Its boundary was traditionally held to be the First Cataract
Major Ancient Cities of Upper Egypt
Major Ancient Cities of Lower Egypt
Facts about Upper Egypt
Upper Egypt Fact Sheet
Fact 1 on Upper Egypt: Upper Egypt is a narrow river valley, the Nile Valley, with steep cliffs rising on either side.
Fact 2 on Upper Egypt: The Nile Valley is home to the Valley of the Kings and Queens, the Pyramids, the Sphinx and stunning temples dedicated to the gods of the ancient Egyptians
Fact 3 on Upper Egypt: Thebes was inhabited from around 3200 BC and is the site of the major temples of Luxor and Karnak.
Fact 4 on Upper Egypt: The Aswan High Dam project threatened the Temples at Philae and Abu Simbel. The Temple of Isis on the island of Philae was transported to the island of Agilkia and the massive rock temples of Abu Simbel were moved 180 metres inland.
Fact 5 on Upper Egypt: The White Nile brings a steady flow of water all year round, but the Blue Nile builds into a torrent after summer rains causing floods in the Nile Valley.
Fact 6 on Upper Egypt: The River Nile would break its banks each year, saturating the surrounding countryside and a rich silt, alluvial soil, ideal for crop growing
Fact 7 on Upper Egypt: Upper Egypt bordered on the land known as Kush also referred to as Nubia or Ethiopia and is now called Sudan.
Fact 8 on Upper Egypt: The northern section of Upper Egypt, between El-Ayait and Sohag is sometimes known as Middle Egypt.
Fact 9 on Upper Egypt: Upper Egypt was known as Ta Shemau which means "the land of reeds" referring to the papyrus that grew in abundance
Fact 10 on Upper Egypt: It was divided into twenty-two districts called nomes. The first nome was where modern Aswan is and the twenty-second was at modern Atfih (Aphroditopolis), to the south of Cairo.
Fact 11 on Upper Egypt: In approximately 3100BC, Upper and Lower Egypt were united when King Narmer defeated the army of Lower Egypt.
Fact 12 on Upper Egypt: The area next to the River Nile was called the 'black lands' further away from the river were the 'red lands'. Both were extremely important to the economy and civilisation of ancient Egypt.
Fact 13 on Upper Egypt: The 'Black Lands' were the farming areas on the banks of the Nile.
Fact 14 on Upper Egypt: The 'Red Lands' were the desert areas that protected Egypt on two sides and separated ancient Egypt from neighbouring countries and invading armies. They were also rich in raw materials such as stone and precious metals such as gold, silver and copper and semi-precious stones
Fact 15 on Upper Egypt: Definition: Upper Egypt = Nile Valley region of the south. It consists of the entire Nile River valley from Cairo south to Lake Nasser which was formed by the Aswan High Dam
Fact 16 on Upper Egypt: There were six cataracts along the River Nile. Only one cataract was in Egypt, at Aswan. The dangerous cataracts consisted of rocky islets, waterfalls, whirlpools, or white water rapids
Fact 17 on Upper Egypt: Egypt's southern boundary, at the southern edge of Upper Egypt, was traditionally held to be at the location of the First Cataract
Fact 18 on Upper Egypt: The main city of predynastic Upper Egypt was Hierakonpolis or Nekhen whose patron deity was the Vulture goddess Nekhbet.
Fact 19 on Upper Egypt: Abydos was the site of an Ancient Egyptian burial place of the early Egyptian pharaohs and was the mythical burial place of the god Osiris and his cult center. The royal monuments at Abydos include the Temple of Seti I
Fact 20 on Upper Egypt: Each town had its own particular god and there were cult centers of the major gods
Fact 21 on Upper Egypt: The cult centers of Upper Egypt were the Ogdoad of Hermopolis, the Triad of Thebes, the Triad Latopolis in Esna and the Triad of Elephantine (located near Aswan).
Fact 22 on Upper Egypt: Papyrus was the symbol of Lower Egypt whilst the lotus flower was recognised as the symbol of Upper Egypt
Fact 23 on Upper Egypt: Nekhebet was the vulture goddesses and another symbol of Upper Egypt
Fact 24 on Upper Egypt: Coptus or Koptos was an important trading and religious center, its principal deities were Min, Isis and Horus.
Fact 25 on Upper Egypt: Elephantine is an island in the River Nile situated at Aswan and was the cult center for the gods Khnum, Satet, Anuket and Hapi
Upper Egypt Fact Sheet
Upper Egypt - The Pharaohs
The Red Crown was called the Deshret the symbol that represented the Lower kingdom in the north
The White Crown was called the Hedjet, the symbol that represented the Upper kingdom in the south
The Pshent was the red and white Double Crown that represented a unified country
Lower Egypt (the North)
Upper Egypt (the South)
Upper Egypt Cult Centers (Thebes and Elephantine)