The History of Egypt for Kids - King Menkaure

The Civilization, Culture & History of Ancient Egypt and facts about Pharaoh Menkaure aka Mycerinus

Ancient Egyptians - Pharaoh Menkaure
A comprehensive guide and fact sheet about King Menkaure. Discover fascinating facts and information about the pharaohs of ancient Egypt.

Interesting facts & information about this ancient Egyptian King who reigned 2490 - 2472 BC

The 4the dynasty and period in history when he was the pharaoh

Major events in his life - the history of Menkaure aka Mycerinus

Conflict with the priests of Ra

The accomplishments of this King - the pyramid of Menkaure at Giza

The prophecies and oracles

His consort Queen Khamerernebty II and his family

An overview of Menkaure, a famous King of ancient Egypt

Ancient Egyptians - Menkaure
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Pharaohs & Kings of Egypt

Profile of Pharaoh Menkaure
The following profile provides a fast overview of Menkaure aka Mycerinus, the son of Pharaoh Khafre and the builder of the third pyramid on the Giza plateau.

Profile of Menkaure

History Time Period: Old Kingdom

Dynasty: 4th Dynasty

Predecessor: Khafre aka Chephren

Parents: Khafre and Queen Khamerernebty

Dates of his Reign: 2490 - 2472 BC

Principal Wife: Queen Khamerernebty II

Successor: Shepseskaf

King Menkaure
Interesting facts, biography & information about the life of Pharaoh Menkaure, the ancient Egyptian King. The Pharaoh Menkaure fact sheet provides details of the major events and accomplishments in his life, his consort and his family. Information about the dynasty and period in ancient Egyptian history in which King Menkaure lived. Refer to Pharaohs for additional interesting facts and information.

Ancient Egyptian King - Menkaure Fact Sheet

Fact 1 on Menkaure: Name: This pharaoh of ancient Egypt was also known as Mycerinus, his name in Greek. His name means "Eternal like the souls of Re".

Fact 2 on Menkaure: History: Menkaure ruled as the king of Egypt during the period in ancient Egyptian history known as the Old Kingdom and was a pharaoh of the 4th dynasty of kings by right of inheritance. He succeeded Pharaoh Khafre to the throne of Egypt.

Fact 3 on Menkaure: Family: His father was Khafre and his mother was Queen Khamerernebty.

Fact 4 on Menkaure: Family: Menkaure married Khamerernebty II, whose status and title was the "King’s Wife, his beloved". He also had a second, lesser wife called Rekhetre. His sons were Khuenre, the heir to the throne who died young, Shepseskaf and his daughter's name was Khentkawes.

Fact 5 on Menkaure: The Giza Pyramids: His grandfather, King Khufu, had built the Great Pyramid at the Giza necropolis, his father Khafre built the second pyramid and Menkaure continued the tradition and initiated the construction of the third and smallest pyramid at Giza.  

Fact 6 on Menkaure: Pharaoh Menkaure ruled from his royal court at Memphis from where he governed ancient Egypt. During his reign he was assisted by a number of Viziers (Chief Councillors) who were all members of his family.

Fact 7 on Menkaure: The names of his Viziers were Duaenre, Nikaure, Ankhmare, Nebemakhet and Iunmin who were all sons of Khafre and therefore brothers, or half-brothers, of the king. Nepotism (favoritism granted to relatives) was practised by all of the pharaohs of the 4th dynasty to ensure that the wealth and power of the kingdom remained in the family.

Fact 8 on Menkaure: The viziers had traditionally played an important role as architects in the building projects of the pharaohs and this was probably the same with Menkaure's pyramid and burial complex at Giza.

Fact 9 on Menkaure: The king governed ancient Egypt  with the help of his trusted viziers and state matters focussed on building projects. There are no records of military campaigns or attacks from foreign countries during his reign.

Fact 10 on Menkaure: Menkaure did however, experience problems at home. The cult of the sun god Ra had grown to enormous importance during the 4th dynasty and the priests of Ra were gaining great influence and wealth in the country. Their power was such that it threatened the supremacy of the king.

Ancient Egyptian King - Menkaure Fact Sheet

Pharaoh Menkaure
Discover fast, interesting fun facts about Pharaoh Menkaure for kids with some amazing, cool and quick information about ancient Egypt and Egyptians. Ideal for children, homework, schools, teachers and kids of all ages! Find fascinating fun facts about Menkaure for kids and the history, culture and civilisation of the ancient Egyptians and ancient Egypt. Interesting, fun facts about this king of Egypt for research, schools, students and kids of all ages.

King Menkaure
Learn about this ancient Egyptian pharaoh the fast and easy way via the Menkaure Fact sheet.

Ancient Egyptian King - Menkaure Fact Sheet

Fact 11 on Menkaure: A shadow was cast over the reign of the king when the oracle at the temple of the goddess Wadjet at Buto declared that he would only reign for six years and that the gods had decreed a period of 150 years of hardship. (Wadjet was a protector goddess and seen as defender of the the solar god, Ra whose titles were the Lady of Flame and Eye of Ra. )

Fact 12 on Menkaure: The oracle proved to be false, the king reigned for over 20 years, but had raised doubts about the stability of ancient Egypt under the king. It is suspected that the priests of Ra instigated these reports in an effort to undermine the monarchy.

Fact 13 on Menkaure: In addition to the prophecy of the oracle another older prophecy had told of how children of a priest of the sun-god Ra would overthrow the 4th royal house of Egypt.

Fact 14 on Menkaure: These events provide an indication of the atmosphere that must have purveyed the royal court. No doubt the actions of the priests, who were based at the cult center of the solar god Ra in Heliopolis, the "City of the Sun", were treated with considerable suspicion.

Fact 15 on Menkaure: The massive pyramids emphasized the power and the divine status of the king and perhaps this was over-shadowing the importance of Ra and had sparked the conflict between the priests and the monarchy.

Fact 16 on Menkaure: The pyramid of Menkaure was only 1/10th the size of the Great Pyramid built by Khufu which possibly reflects the growing influence of the priests and a shift from building pyramids to a greater emphasis being placed on the construction of temples.

Fact 17 on Menkaure: Menkaure was succeeded by his son Shepseskhaf who completed the construction of all the monuments started by his father.

Fact 18 on Menkaure: Shepseskhaf reportedly feuded with the priests of various temples and his reign lasted for less than 7 years and ended the 4th dynasty. The Age of the Pyramids was over and the 5th dynasty was to see the rise of the Sun Kings.

Ancient Egyptian King - Menkaure Fact Sheet

King Menkaure and the 4th Dynasty
The following chart provides the names of the kings and the line of succession in the 4th Dynasty together with a map of ancient Egypt.

4th Dynasty

Name - Dates of Reign

King Menkaure - 2575–2551 BC

King Menkaure aka Khufu - 2551–2528 BC

King Djedefre aka Radjedef - 2528–2520 BC

King Khafre aka Chephren - 2520–2494 BC

King Menkaure aka Mycerinus - 2490–2472 BC

King Shepseskaf - 2472–2467 BC

Succession of the Kings

Learning about the ancient Egyptians and King Menkaure inspires everyone to visit historical sites and undertake Egypt Travel and Tours to experience the wonders of this magical land at first hand. Many people choose to experience a tour of Egypt on a Nile Cruise stopping at the famous destinations and sites of Egypt such as the Pyramids of Giza and the Great Sphinx. The information and facts about Pharaoh Menkaure will provide you with a great insight into Egypt and the legacy of the ancient Egyptians.


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