Facts about the Nile

Ancient Egyptian Gods and Goddesses for kids - Facts about the Nile

Facts about the history of the ancient Egyptians and interesting facts about the Nile - the geography and history

Facts about the Nile
Discover the history of ancient Egypt, its civilisation and its gods and goddesses with our interesting facts about the Nile. The ancient land of the Egyptians was divided into two regions, Upper Egypt in the Nile Valley of the south and its border with
Nubia, now Sudan and Lower Egypt which covered the region called the Nile Delta where the River Nile emptied into the Mediterranean Sea.  Facts about the Nile includes the names of the different gods and goddesses that were favored and worshipped in the major cities and settlements along the Nile river. Facts about the history and the geography of the Nile river and its bounty that made the Egyptian civilisation prosperous for over 3000 years.

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Facts about the Nile River
Find fascinating fun facts about the Nile for kids about the history and civilisation of the ancient Egyptians, ancient Egypt, the geography and the cities and settlements along the famous river. The free Facts Files and Fact sheets about the Nile provide interesting, fun facts and information about ancient Egypt, the history, the river Nile civilization and even facts about the Nile crocodile.

 

Picture of Nile gods carrying offerings

Facts about the Nile - Map of the Nile River
Facts about the Nile begins with the following map that shows the approximate border between Upper and Lower Egypt and its southernmost border with Kush that was also known as Nubia and Ethiopia.

 

Map of the River Nile through Egypt

Facts about the Nile River
It was the Nile river which enabled the ancient Egyptian civilization to become one of the greatest of ancient civilizations which spanned a period of over 3000 years.

Ancient Egypt Fact Sheet - Facts about the Nile

FACTS: SUBJECT - INFO & INTERESTING FACTS

Fact 1 on the Nile River: Geography The Valley & the Delta - The river stretched out with its several branches to form the Nile Delta that emptied into the Mediterranean Sea. Upper Egypt is a narrow river valley, the Nile Valley, with steep cliffs rising on either side stretch from Cairo south to Lake Nasser which was formed by the Aswan High Dam

Fact 2 on the Nile River: Geography - The Nile is the longest river in the world, flowing 6695km (4184 miles) and comes from the meeting of three rivers from Sudan (Nubia), Uganda and Ethiopia. The length of the Nile within the country of Egypt totals 994 miles (1,600 km.)

Fact 3 on the Nile River: Name - The Nile gets its name from the Greek word "Nelios", meaning River Valley.

Fact 4 on the Nile River: Geography The White and Blue Nile - There are two main rivers which flow from the south referred to as the Blue Nile, and the White Nile. The White Nile brings a steady flow of water all year round, but the Blue Nile builds into a torrent after summer rains causing floods in the valley.

Fact 5 on the Nile River: Source - The source of the White Nile is Lake Victoria, Uganda. The source of the Blue Nile is Lake Tana, Ethiopia.

Fact 6 on the Nile River: Geography The White Nile - The name of the White Nile derives from the light colored clay sediment that gives the water a light gray colour. Its origins are in central Africa in southern Rwanda and flows north through Tanzania, Lake Victoria, Uganda, into Sudan and then Egypt.

Fact 7 on the Nile River: Geography The Atbara - A third river, the Atbara, flows into the Nile in the Sudan but it contributes less than 1% of the total water flow.

Fact 8 on the Nile River: Geography Countries - The river and its tributaries flow though nine countries. The White Nile flows though Uganda, Sudan, and Egypt. The Blue Nile starts in Ethiopia. Zaire, Kenya, Tanzania, Rwanda, and Burundi all have tributaries, which also flow into the Nile or into lake Victoria Nyanes.

Fact 9 on the Nile River: Geography Annual Inundation (flooding) - The River Nile would break its banks each year, saturating the surrounding countryside and a rich silt, alluvial soil that was extremely fertile and ideal for crop growing. The flooding enabled farming possible surrounding the banks of the river Nile, an otherwise desert region

Fact 10 on the Nile River: Geography The Yearly Cycles - The annual inundation was of such importance that the Egyptians of Lower and Upper Egypt based their lives around its yearly cycle:

  • Akhet was the time of the flood (June - September)
  • Peret was the sowing time (October - January)
  • Shemu was the harvest time (February - May)

The annual flooding was referred to as the "Arrival of Hapi" and was celebrated with great festivals and river processions to Hapi, the river god.

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Ancient Egypt Fact Sheet - Facts about the Nile

Looking for facts about the Nile river, ancient Egypt and Egyptians? Our fact sheets provide comprehensive help for homework and school. Find out fast, fun facts and interesting information using our useful fact files and fact sheets about the Nile for kids with some amazing, cool and quick information about ancient Egypt and Egyptians. Ideal for children, homework, schools, teachers and kids of all ages!

Facts about the Nile
Discover fast, interesting fun facts about the Nile for kids with some amazing, cool and quick information about ancient Egypt and Egyptians. Ideal for children, homework, schools, teachers and kids of all ages! Find fascinating fun facts about the Nile for kids about the history and civilisation of the ancient Egyptians, ancient Egypt, the geography and the cities and settlements along the famous river and the Nile gods and goddesses that were worshipped there. Interesting, fun facts about the Nile river in Egypt for kids including the history, the river Nile civilization and even facts about the Nile crocodile.

Ancient Egypt Fact Sheet - Facts about the Nile

FACTS: SUBJECT INFO & INTERESTING FACTS

Fact 11 on the Nile River: Geography Black & Red Lands - The area next to the River Nile was called the 'black lands' further away from the river were the 'red lands'. Both were extremely important to the economy and civilisation of ancient Egypt.

Fact 12 on the Nile River: Geography Black Land - The ancient Egyptians called the river 'Ar or Aur' meaning “Black,” in allusion to the color of the deposits carried by the river when it flooded. The 'Black Lands' were the farming areas on the banks of the Nile producing crops such as cereals, wheat and barley

Fact 13 on the Nile River: Geography Red Land - The 'Red Lands' were the desert areas that protected Egypt on either side of the Nile river and separated ancient Egypt from neighbouring countries and invading armies. The 'Red Land' was also rich in raw materials such as stone and precious metals such as gold, silver and copper and semi-precious stones

Fact 14 on the Nile River: Papyrus - Upper Egypt was known as Ta Shemau which means "the land of reeds" referring to the papyrus that grew on the banks of the river in great abundance. Papyrus was the symbol of Lower Egypt whilst the lotus flower was recognised as the symbol of Upper Egypt.

Picture of Papyrus Reed

Fact 15 on the Nile River: Lotus Flowers - Lotus flowers, or water lilies, were the flowers of the Nile river. The lotus flowers opened in the morning and closed again at night symbolizing rebirth and regeneration.

Fact 16 on the Nile River: Cataracts - There are six cataracts along the River Nile. Only one cataract is in Egypt, at Aswan.  The dangerous cataracts consisted of rocky islets, waterfalls, whirlpools, or white water rapids

Fact 17 on the Nile River: The First Cataract - Egypt's southern boundary was traditionally held to be at the location of the First Cataract of the Nile river

Fact 18 on the Nile River: Dams - The major dams are the Roseires Dam, Sennar Dam, Owen Falls Dam and Aswan High Dam.

Fact 19 on the Nile River: Aswan Dam - The Aswan High Dam project threatened the Temples at Philae and Abu Simbel. The Temple of Isis on the island of Philae was transported to the island of Agilkia and the massive rock temples of Abu Simbel were moved 180 metres inland.

Fact 20 on the Nile River: Aswan Dam - The Aswan High Dam was constructed in 1970 and the annual floods which had occurred for thousands of years, ceased.

Fact 21 on the Nile River: Lake Nasser - Lake Nasser is the second largest man-made lake in the world. Lake Nasser is where the waters of the Nile are held back by the Aswan High Dam constructed in 1970: at which time the Nile's annual floods which had occurred for thousands of years, ceased.

Fact 22 on the Nile River: Lake Nasser - Lake Nasser High Dam produces 25,000 tons of fish a year.

Fact 23 on the Nile River: Wild Life Fish - The river teems with 52 species of fish including the huge Nile Perch, sturgeon, mullet, the tiger fish, lungfish, catfish, mudfish and eel. The range attracts many tourists on fishing holidays and vacations.

Fact 24 on the Nile River: Ancient Wild Life - The animals that inhabited the ancient banks of the river included the crocodile, ibis, hippo, gazelle, antelope, lynx, wild cat, lion, cheetah, baboon, turtles, lizards, snakes, buffalo, jackals, wild dogs and wildebeest. One of the most dangerous sports of the ancient Pharaohswas to hunt hippos.

Fact 25 on the Nile River: The Crocodile - The Nile Crocodile is the largest crocodile in Africa and can grow up to 20 feet (6 meters) and weigh up to 1,650 pounds (730 kilograms). Newborn crocodiles are 12 inches long. The Nile crocodile, Crocodylus niloticus, was the biggest and most dangerous predator living in ancient Egypt. It has since become extinct in the lower reaches of the Nile river.

Fact 26 on the Nile River: The Crocodile - The crocodile is feared as a vicious man-eater and many people are maimed and killed by the crocodile on the banks of the river. Only the adult hippopotamus was safe from the crocodile. Ancient Egyptian fortresses were surrounded by crocodile-infested ditches or canals.

Fact 27 on the Nile River: Ammit, the Crocodile headed goddess - Ammit, the "Devour of the Dead" was the ancient Egyptian goddess of the Underworld, depicted as having the head of a crocodile, the torso of a lioness and the hindquarters of a hippopotamus, the most terrifying animals known to the ancient Egyptians.

Fact 28 on the Nile River: Sobek the Crocodile god - Sobek was the Crocodile God of the Nile and army. The Nile crocodile (Crocodilus niloticus) was worshiped as the  crocodile-headed god, Sobek.

Fact 29 on the Nile River: Crocodilopolis - Crocodilopolis, "Crocodile City", was the cult center of Sobek who symbolized the might of the Egyptian pharaohs. Faiyum was noted as a center of his worship, where one of the towns came to be called 'Crocodilopolis' by the Greeks.

Fact 30 on the River: Ancient Cities in Lower Egypt (in the north) - The most famous ancient cities and settlements (in the north) were Memphis, Alexandria, Hermopolis, Giza, Esna (Letopolis), Busiris, Avaris, Crocodilopolis, Tanis, Leontopolis, Sais, Bubastis and Heliopolis. For additional facts refer to Ancient Egyptian Cities

Fact 31 on the River: Ancient Cities in Upper Egypt (in the south) - The most famous ancient cities and settlements of Upper Egypt (in the south) were Thebes, Abydos, Thinis, Khmun (Hermopolis), Dendera, Hierakonpolis, Koptos, Edfu, Elephantine and Aswan.

Fact 32 on the River: History - The Nile Valley in the south of Egypt is home to the Valley of the Kings and Queens, the Pyramids, the Sphinx and the magnificent temples dedicated to the gods of the ancient Egyptians

Pyramids

Fact 33 on the River: History - The Nile River was also believed to be the bridge to the afterlife. East was a place of beginnings while the west was considered the place of death. The belief that west represented death is why all Egyptian tombs were located on the west side of the Nile in order to enter the afterlife.

Fact 34 on the River: Civilisation Cities & Settlements - Abydos was the site of an Ancient Egyptian burial place of the early Egyptian pharaohs and was the mythical burial place of the god Osiris and his cult center.

Fact 35 on the River: Civilisation Cities & Settlements - Thebes was inhabited from around 3200 BC and is the site of the major temples of Luxor and Karnak.

Fact 36 on the River: Civilisation Cities & Settlements - Bubastis, now the modern city of Zagazig was the cult center of Bastet the goddess of cats.

Fact 37 on the River: Civilisation Cities & Settlements - The ancient city of Memphis was associated with Menes, Narmer and King Hor-Ahaaround 3000 BC and it was the capital during the Old Kingdom

Fact 38 on the River: Gods and Goddesses - The Nile gods and goddesses included the Elephantine Triad of Khnum, Satet and Anuket. The god Hapi was the "Lord of the River Bringing Vegetation". The cult center for these gods was on Elephantine Island situated at Aswan.

Ancient Egypt Fact Sheet - Facts about the Nile

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